The Satavahanas established their supremacy in parts of central and south India in the post-Mauryan era. When they began their power consolidation, the religions such as Jainism and Buddhism already are being followed by the people in the south and central parts of India. The kingdoms of Kalinga and Karnataka have Buddhism flourishing in their territories. The Buddhism stabilized in Andhra region also at the same time. Satavahanas patronized Vedic Religion during their reign and the same resulted in the spread of this religion in South India. Apart from patronizing Vedic Religion primarily, the Satavahanas also equally or next to the Vedic Religion gave importance to the Jainism and Buddhism.
The official language of satavahana dynasty was Prakrit. During the reign of Hala of satavahanas, it was the golden age for Prakrit. The inscriptions of satavahanas were all mostly issued in Prakrit. Prakrit was the official language, language for daily usage and as well the language for literature. However, Sanskrit was also used during this period. Hala of Satavahanas wrote Gadhasapthasathi, which was a famous book that has details about social life during the period of satavahanas.
The main source of income for satavahanas was agriculture. The primary occupation of the people was also agriculture. The rights of the people over the lands were recognized. Entire land in the kingdom doesn't belong to the king himself; the king has got rights only on his lands. Hereunder have a detailed look at the information about the economic conditions during the Satavahana dynasty.
The social system that was followed during the satavahanas was the patriarchal system. The family system that was predominant during the same was the joint family. Varna system with four divisions was prevalent in the society during their period. Slavery was prevalent and the system of Sati was also evident during the reign of Satavahanas. Hereunder go through more about the social conditions during the satavahana dynasty.
The administration of Satavahanas can be studied from the inscriptions found at Nasik and Usmangarh. The Arthashastra of Kautilya, Kamasutra of Vatsayana and the Dharmasastra of Manu also have some references for the administration of Satavahanas. Their administration is somewhat similar to the administration of the Mauryan Empire. However, some changes were made to the position of the king from human to superhuman and many titles were honored upon him as well. Eventually, the king was raised from the position of human to a position equivalent to a mighty god.