The kings of satavahana dynasty were divided into two groups; early rulers and the later. According to Matsya purana, the satavahana dynasty was ruled by thirty kings. These thirty kings ruled for four hundred and fifty years according to Matsya Purana. According to Vayu Purana, the satavahana dynasty was ruled by seventeen kings for three hundred years.
Period of Satavahana Dynasty
There are few views and opinions from various sources about the period of satavahana dynasty. Satavahana rulers ruled from 271 BC to 174 AD according to Gorthi Venkatarao. According to Maaramanda Ramarao, the dynasty ruled from 221 BC to 218 AD. The views of BSL Hanumantha Rao states that the satavahana dynasty was in power from 230 BC to 225 AD. According to PV Parabrahma Sastry, the rulers of satavahana dynasty ruled from 80 BC to 230 AD.
Srimukha of Satavahana Dynasty
He founded the satavahana dynasty. According to Matsya Purana, srimukha ruled for 23 years. His other names were Simukha or Chimuka as mentioned in Matsya Purana. According to Vayu Purana, he was also called as Sindhuka. Read more about Srimukha...
Krishna I of Satavahana Dynasty
He was the second king to rule the satavahana dynasty. He was the brother of the king srimukha. He occupied Nashik region and join the territory to the Satavahana Empire. During his rule, the Bhagavata religion entered Deccan India. He constructed cave residences in Nashik for shramanas. The cave residences he constructed were in karle and kanheri regions and he used Prakrit in his inscription in there. During his reign, Magadha was under Sungha Dynasty.
Satakarni I of Satavahana Dynasty
He was the son of Srimukha. Satakarni I is considered as the real founder of satavahana dynasty as he took the glory of the dynasty to heights. Malla Karna is the other name of Satakarni I as mentioned in puranas. Read more about Satakarni I...
Vedasri Satakarni of Satavahana Dynasty
He was the son of Satakarni I and Naganika. Vedasri is another name of this king. During his reign, Karavela of Kalinga invaded Satavahana territories and destroyed Bhattiprolu.
Satakarni II of Satavahana Dynasty
He was the sixth king of Satavahana Dynasty. He ruled for 56 years. He was honored with the name Rajanyasri Satakarni. He expanded his territory to the north. He occupied Vidisha, it was the territory of Shungas. His expeditions include the occupation of Kalinga territories. During his reign, Sakas invaded India for the first time. He occupied Pataliputra and ruled the same for 10 years. His court was honored by a sculptor named Vasistaputra Ananda, who issued an inscription near the Sanchi Stupa. During the reign of Satakarni II, the struggle between Sakas and Satavahanas started. Foreign trade took place during the reign of Satakarni II according to the source, Periplus of Erythrean Sea.
Kuntala Satakarni of Satavahana Dynasty
He ruled for 8 years. Sanskrit use came into light during his reign. Prakrit was the official language of Satavahanas prior to his rule. He was taught Sanskrit by Sarva Varma. Sarva Varma wrote Katantra Vyakarana, this was the first Sanskrit book in South India. Gunadya was contemporary to Kuntala Satakarni, who wrote Ashtadhyayi.
Pulomavi I of Satavahana Dynasty
He was the 15th king of Satavahanas according to Matsya Purana. He invaded Kanva empire and assassinated Susarma. Coins of Pulomavi were excavated near pataliputra. During his reign, the struggle between Sakas and Satavahanas continued.
Hala of Satavahana Dynasty
He ruled for only 5 years and he was the seventeenth king of Satavahanas. He wrote Gathasaptasati, which gives information about the social issues during the Satavahana rule. He was honored with the title Kavivatsala. Nahapana established a new empire in Malwa and Maratha regions during his reign.
Gautamiputra Satakarni of Satavahana Dynasty
He was twenty-third king of Satavahana dynasty and his reign continued for twenty-four years. His father was Sivaswathi and his mother was Gautami Balasri. He was honored with many titles, he is considered as the greatest of all the satavahana kings. Earlier to his reign, the satavahanas lost their glory and the same was again revived by him. Read more about Gautamiputra Satakarni...
Pulomavi II of Satavahana Dynasty
He is the son of Gautamiputra Satakarni. His real name is Vashishti Putra Satakarni. During his period the inscription of Nasik by Gautami Balasri was erected. During his reign, Rudradaman of Sakas invaded the territories of satavahanas. According to junagadh inscription, Rudradaman defeated Pulomavi II. During the reign of Pulomavi II, Amaravati Inscription was erected. The capital city of Satavahanas was shifted to Amaravati during his reign. His titles are Navanagara Swamy and
Sivasri Satakarni of Satavahana Dynasty
He was defeated twice by Sakarudra Damana. His title is Kshatrapa. He issued coins in both Sanskrit and tamil. The Girnar inscription of Rudradaman this king was mentioned as Dakshinapatha Pathi.
Yagnasri Satakarni of Satavahana Dynasty
He was the twenty seventh king of satavahanas as per the inscription at chinaganjam. His coins are famous in the history. He issued coins with ship on them. Matsya Purana was compiled during his reign. Buddist monk Acharya Nagarjuna lived during his reign. Yagnasri built Mahachaitya for Nagarjuna. He expanded the stupa of Amaravati. During his reign, for the first time ships were built with canvas. During his reign trade with Roman Empire was flourished. His commander was Bhavagopa. The historian of Harshavardhana, Bhana Bhatta, has given the title Tri Samudra Adhipathi to him.
Vijayasri of Satavahana Dynasty
During his reign sri parvatham has got the name Vijayapuri. He ruled for six years.
Chandasri of Satavahana Dynasty
He ruled the kingdom after vijayasri. His coins were found at Krishna and Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh state.
Pulomavi III of Satavahana Dynasty
He was the thirtieth (30th) king of satavahanas. He was also the last king of this dynasty. He was defeated and driven off his own territories by Sri Santhamala of Ikshvaku Dynasty. Pulomavi III spent his days post expulsion in Mekadhoni, a village near Bellary.